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In a positive sign for gay marriage supporters, Kennedy voiced strong sympathy for the approximately 40,000 California children who have been adopted by gay couples.At the Brown vs. Board of Education trial Kenneth and Mamie Clark's doll experiment was used. I believe Kenneth Clark testified. The Supreme Court specifically cited Clark's 1950 paper in the Brown decision.
“They want their parents to have full recognition,” Kennedy said, with evident feeling, adding that “the voice of these children is important in this case."
Good doll - Bad doll experiment:
In the “doll test,” psychologists Kenneth and Mamie Clark used four plastic, diaper-clad dolls, identical except for color. They showed the dolls to black children between the ages of three and seven and asked them questions to determine racial perception and preference. Almost all of the children readily identified the race of the dolls. However, when asked which they preferred, the majority selected the white doll and attributed positive characteristics to it. The Clarks also gave the children outline drawings of a boy and girl and asked them to color the figures the same color as themselves. Many of the children with dark complexions colored the figures with a white or yellow crayon. The Clarks concluded that “prejudice, discrimination, and segregation” caused black children to develop a sense of inferiority and self-hatred.So here we are over 60 years later, thinking about the children. Are the children of same sex couples looking at their parents non-marital status, with the help of their peers, as inferior and, thus, feeling inferior themselves? Maybe we should have conducted another doll experiment prior to this trial. But Justice Kennedy's discussion brings up an interesting point about the children: "They want their parents to have full recognition." And, why not? All children want to fit in and be proud of their parents. They don't want their parents to appear as outcasts from society, different.
Now I have hope for this trial.